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Re: (1,(2,3),4)[2]

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Rod Adams
May 26, 2005 02:15
Re: (1,(2,3),4)[2]
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Markus Laire wrote:

> Rod Adams wrote:
>> TSa (Thomas SandlaƟ) wrote:
>>> You mean @a = [[1,2,3]]? Which is quite what you need for multi
>>> dimensional arrays anyway @m = [[1,2],[3,4]] and here you use
>>> of course @m[0][1] to pull out the 2. I'm not sure if this 
>>> automatically
>>> makes the array multi-dimensional to the type system though. That is
>>> if @m[0,1] returns 2 as well or if it returns the list (1,2) or 
>>> whatever.
>>> Is @m[0..3] valid and what does it return? And what's the type of that
>>> return value(s)? I can imagine many things ranging from a two element
>>> array of refs to two element arrays up to a flattened list of 4 values.
>> @m[0,1] is an array slice of two elements, in this case two arrayrefs 
>> [1,2], and [3,4].
>> @m[0;1] is a multidim deref, referencing the 4.
>> @m[0..3] is valid, returning arrayref x 2, undef x 2.
> I think you got these wrong. With @m = ([1,2],[3,4]) these would be 
> true, but with @m = [[1,2],[3,4]] we have an additional reference there.

 From S02: "Array and hash variable names in scalar context 
automatically produce references."

Since [...] produces a scalar arrayref, we end up with an arrayref one 
both sides of the =.

Now, I see two ways it could shake down from here:

1) the lhs ref acquires the value of the rhs ref.
2) both sides perform one level of dereferencing, and the list of 
elements from the rhs is copied over to the lhs. Having one one side 
dereference and not the other makes no sense at all.

Either way, I see the following as all being semantically equivalent:

    @m = ([1,2],[3,4]);
    @m = [[1,2],[3,4]];
    @m = (1,2; 3,4);
    @m = [1,2; 3,4];
    @m = list([1,2],[3,4]);
    @m = (); @m[0]=[1,2]; @m[1]=[3,4];
    @m[] = ([1,2],[3,4]);
    @m <== [1,2], [3,4];
    @m <== (1,2; 3,4);

If I understand Juerd correctly, the logical extension would be to have
    @m = 5;
be the same as:
    @m = list(5);

Thus saying that a lhs @ forces list context on the rhs, where I think 
having the rhs dictate context on the rhs makes a lot more sense.

Basically, I'm disagreeing with some of what Juerd has said.

-- Rod Adams

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