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[perl #123751] Warn on some format-related variables when not using formats

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From:
Ed Avis
Date:
February 6, 2015 13:47
Subject:
[perl #123751] Warn on some format-related variables when not using formats
Message ID:
rt-4.0.18-2828-1423230434-431.123751-75-0@perl.org
# New Ticket Created by  "Ed Avis" 
# Please include the string:  [perl #123751]
# in the subject line of all future correspondence about this issue. 
# <URL: https://rt.perl.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=123751 >


This is a bug report for perl from eda@waniasset.com,
generated with the help of perlbug 1.39 running under perl 5.18.4.


-----------------------------------------------------------------
[Please describe your issue here]

Formats are a long-standing feature of perl which many programmers and
programs do not use.  This bug is not about getting rid of formats.
However, there are some builtin variables for use with formats which
don't make sense otherwise.

I am particularly thinking of $%, 'the current page number', and
$-, 'the number of lines left'.  I can't imagine anyone using these
when not using formats.  Their default seems to be zero.

However, they can hide typos in code, e.g. $->[0] for $_->[0].

Please add a warning at run time if these builtin variables are
used but format() has never been called.

It is possible that other format-related variables are set up by some
programs before the first call to format(), so I don't suggest warning
on all of them.  But these two in particular seem like nobody would
want to read or set them without calling format() first.

[Please do not change anything below this line]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
---
Flags:
    category=core
    severity=low
---
Site configuration information for perl 5.18.4:

Configured by Red Hat, Inc. at Thu Oct 30 14:55:21 UTC 2014.

Summary of my perl5 (revision 5 version 18 subversion 4) configuration:
   
  Platform:
    osname=linux, osvers=3.16.3-200.fc20.x86_64, archname=x86_64-linux-thread-multi
    uname='linux buildvm-18.phx2.fedoraproject.org 3.16.3-200.fc20.x86_64 #1 smp wed sep 17 22:34:21 utc 2014 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 gnulinux '
    config_args='-des -Doptimize=-O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches  -m64 -mtune=generic -Dccdlflags=-Wl,--enable-new-dtags -Dlddlflags=-shared -O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches  -m64 -mtune=generic -Wl,-z,relro  -Dshrpdir=/usr/lib64 -DDEBUGGING=-g -Dversion=5.18.4 -Dmyhostname=localhost -Dperladmin=root@localhost -Dcc=gcc -Dcf_by=Red Hat, Inc. -Dprefix=/usr -Dvendorprefix=/usr -Dsiteprefix=/usr/local -Dsitelib=/usr/local/share/perl5 -Dsitearch=/usr/local/lib64/perl5 -Dprivlib=/usr/share/perl5 -Dvendorlib=/usr/share/perl5/vendor_perl -Darchlib=/usr/lib64/perl5 -Dvendorarch=/usr/lib64/perl5/vendor_perl -Darchname=x86_64-linux-thread-multi -Dlibpth=/usr/local/lib64 /lib64 /usr/lib64 -Duseshrplib -Dusethreads -Duseithreads -Dusedtrace=/usr/bin/dtrace -Duselargefiles -Dd_semctl_semun -Di_db -Ui
 _ndbm -Di_gdbm -Di_shadow -Di_syslog -Dman3ext=3pm -Duseperlio -Dinstallusrbinperl=n -Ubincompat5005 -Uversiononly -Dpager=/usr/bin/less -isr -Dd_gethostent_r_proto -Ud_endhostent_r_proto -Ud_sethostent_r_proto -Ud_endprotoent_r_proto -Ud_setprotoent_r_proto -Ud_endservent_r_proto -Ud_setservent_r_proto -Dscriptdir=/usr/bin -Dusesitecustomize'
    hint=recommended, useposix=true, d_sigaction=define
    useithreads=define, usemultiplicity=define
    useperlio=define, d_sfio=undef, uselargefiles=define, usesocks=undef
    use64bitint=define, use64bitall=define, uselongdouble=undef
    usemymalloc=n, bincompat5005=undef
  Compiler:
    cc='gcc', ccflags ='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -fstack-protector -I/usr/local/include -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64',
    optimize='-O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches -m64 -mtune=generic',
    cppflags='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe -fstack-protector -I/usr/local/include'
    ccversion='', gccversion='4.8.3 20140911 (Red Hat 4.8.3-7)', gccosandvers=''
    intsize=4, longsize=8, ptrsize=8, doublesize=8, byteorder=12345678
    d_longlong=define, longlongsize=8, d_longdbl=define, longdblsize=16
    ivtype='long', ivsize=8, nvtype='double', nvsize=8, Off_t='off_t', lseeksize=8
    alignbytes=8, prototype=define
  Linker and Libraries:
    ld='gcc', ldflags =' -fstack-protector'
    libpth=/usr/local/lib64 /lib64 /usr/lib64
    libs=-lresolv -lnsl -lgdbm -ldb -ldl -lm -lcrypt -lutil -lpthread -lc -lgdbm_compat
    perllibs=-lresolv -lnsl -ldl -lm -lcrypt -lutil -lpthread -lc
    libc=, so=so, useshrplib=true, libperl=libperl.so
    gnulibc_version='2.18'
  Dynamic Linking:
    dlsrc=dl_dlopen.xs, dlext=so, d_dlsymun=undef, ccdlflags='-Wl,--enable-new-dtags'
    cccdlflags='-fPIC', lddlflags='-shared -O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector-strong --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -grecord-gcc-switches -m64 -mtune=generic -Wl,-z,relro '

Locally applied patches:
    Fedora Patch1: Removes date check, Fedora/RHEL specific
    Fedora Patch3: support for libdir64
    Fedora Patch4: use libresolv instead of libbind
    Fedora Patch5: USE_MM_LD_RUN_PATH
    Fedora Patch6: Skip hostname tests, due to builders not being network capable
    Fedora Patch7: Dont run one io test due to random builder failures
    Fedora Patch9: Fix find2perl to translate ? glob properly (RT#113054)
    Fedora Patch10: Update h2ph(1) documentation (RT#117647)
    Fedora Patch11: Update pod2html(1) documentation (RT#117623)
    Fedora Patch12: Disable ornaments on perl5db AutoTrace tests (RT#118817)
    Fedora Patch14: Do not use system Term::ReadLine::Gnu in tests (RT#118821)
    Fedora Patch15: Define SONAME for libperl.so
    Fedora Patch16: Install libperl.so to -Dshrpdir value
    Fedora Patch18: Fix crash with \\&$glob_copy (RT#119051)
    Fedora Patch19: Fix coreamp.t rand test (RT#118237)
    Fedora Patch20: Reap child in case where exception has been thrown (RT#114722)
    Fedora Patch21: Fix using regular expressions containing multiple code blocks (RT#117917)
    Fedora Patch22: Create site paths by cpan for the first time (CPAN RT#99905)
    Fedora Patch200: Link XS modules to libperl.so with EU::CBuilder on Linux
    Fedora Patch201: Link XS modules to libperl.so with EU::MM on Linux

---
@INC for perl 5.18.4:
    /home/eda/lib/perl5/
    /usr/local/lib64/perl5
    /usr/local/share/perl5
    /usr/lib64/perl5/vendor_perl
    /usr/share/perl5/vendor_perl
    /usr/lib64/perl5
    /usr/share/perl5
    .

---
Environment for perl 5.18.4:
    HOME=/home/eda
    LANG=en_GB.UTF-8
    LANGUAGE (unset)
    LC_COLLATE=C
    LC_CTYPE=en_GB.UTF-8
    LC_MESSAGES=en_GB.UTF-8
    LC_MONETARY=en_GB.UTF-8
    LC_NUMERIC=en_GB.UTF-8
    LC_TIME=en_GB.UTF-8
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH (unset)
    LOGDIR (unset)
    PATH=/home/eda/bin:/home/eda/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/usr/sbin
    PERL5LIB=/home/eda/lib/perl5/
    PERL_BADLANG (unset)
    SHELL=/bin/bash


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