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[perl #108762] Many perl built-ins may not be not thread-safe

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From:
Leon Timmermans
Date:
January 22, 2012 07:30
Subject:
[perl #108762] Many perl built-ins may not be not thread-safe
Message ID:
rt-3.6.HEAD-14510-1327246212-787.108762-75-0@perl.org
# New Ticket Created by  Leon Timmermans 
# Please include the string:  [perl #108762]
# in the subject line of all future correspondence about this issue. 
# <URL: https://rt.perl.org:443/rt3/Ticket/Display.html?id=108762 >


This is a bug report for perl from fawaka@gmail.com,
generated with the help of perlbug 1.39 running under perl 5.14.2.

-----------------------------------------------------------------

A lot of perl's built-ins and some core modules are based on POSIX
APIs that are listed as not guaranteeing to be thread-safe. This means
that implementations are not required to make these functions
thread-safe (though most could be made thread-safe using thread local
storage). I doubt there's any non-trivial program using threads that's
not using any of these. In particular, this includes:

 * drand48() [ rand ]
 * dlerror() [ DynaLoader ]
 * endgrent()
 * endpwent()
 * getenv() [ %ENV ]
 * getgrent()
 * getgrgid()
 * getgrnam()
 * gethostbyaddr()
 * gethostbyname()
 * gethostent()
 * getlogin()
 * getnetbyaddr()
 * getnetbyname()
 * getnetent()
 * getprotobyname()
 * getprotobynumber()
 * getprotoent()
 * getpwent()
 * getpwnam()
 * getpwuid()
 * getservbyname()
 * getservbyport()
 * getservent()
 * localeconv() [ POSIX ]
 * nl_langinfo() [ I18N::LangInfo ]
 * readdir()
 * setgrent()
 * setpwent()
 * strerror() [ $!, $^E ]

Most of these functions have thread-safe/reentrant equivalents (e.g.
gethostbyname_r).

Another function uses an internal reimplementation that suffers from
the same inherent issues with regard to signal handling

 * system() (its signal handling is a bit problematic in presense of threads).

Some of the unsafe functions in POSIX are provided as built-ins, but
are already implemented some other thread-safe/reentrant
implementations:

 * localtime()
 * gmtime()
 * inet_ntoa() [Socket.pm]
 *
Two more is simply ignored outside the main thread:

 * setenv [ %ENV ]
 * unsetenv [ %ENV ]

-----------------------------------------------------------------
---
Flags:
    category=core
    severity=low
---
Site configuration information for perl 5.14.2:

Configured by leon at Tue Jan 17 21:29:06 CET 2012.

Summary of my perl5 (revision 5 version 14 subversion 2) configuration:

  Platform:
    osname=linux, osvers=3.0.0-14-generic, archname=x86_64-linux-thread-multi
    uname='linux leon-laptop 3.0.0-14-generic #23-ubuntu smp mon nov
21 20:28:43 utc 2011 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 gnulinux '
    config_args='-de
-Dprefix=/home/leon/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.14.2 -Dusethreads'
    hint=recommended, useposix=true, d_sigaction=define
    useithreads=define, usemultiplicity=define
    useperlio=define, d_sfio=undef, uselargefiles=define, usesocks=undef
    use64bitint=define, use64bitall=define, uselongdouble=undef
    usemymalloc=n, bincompat5005=undef
  Compiler:
    cc='cc', ccflags ='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -fno-strict-aliasing
-pipe -fstack-protector -I/usr/local/include -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE
-D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64',
    optimize='-O2',
    cppflags='-D_REENTRANT -D_GNU_SOURCE -fno-strict-aliasing -pipe
-fstack-protector -I/usr/local/include'
    ccversion='', gccversion='4.6.1', gccosandvers=''
    intsize=4, longsize=8, ptrsize=8, doublesize=8, byteorder=12345678
    d_longlong=define, longlongsize=8, d_longdbl=define, longdblsize=16
    ivtype='long', ivsize=8, nvtype='double', nvsize=8, Off_t='off_t',
lseeksize=8
    alignbytes=8, prototype=define
  Linker and Libraries:
    ld='cc', ldflags =' -fstack-protector -L/usr/local/lib'
    libpth=/usr/local/lib /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /lib/../lib
/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /usr/lib/../lib /lib /usr/lib
    libs=-lnsl -ldb -ldl -lm -lcrypt -lutil -lpthread -lc
    perllibs=-lnsl -ldl -lm -lcrypt -lutil -lpthread -lc
    libc=, so=so, useshrplib=false, libperl=libperl.a
    gnulibc_version='2.13'
  Dynamic Linking:
    dlsrc=dl_dlopen.xs, dlext=so, d_dlsymun=undef, ccdlflags='-Wl,-E'
    cccdlflags='-fPIC', lddlflags='-shared -O2 -L/usr/local/lib
-fstack-protector'

Locally applied patches:


---
@INC for perl 5.14.2:
    /home/leon/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.14.2/lib/site_perl/5.14.2/x86_64-linux-thread-multi
    /home/leon/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.14.2/lib/site_perl/5.14.2
    /home/leon/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.14.2/lib/5.14.2/x86_64-linux-thread-multi
    /home/leon/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.14.2/lib/5.14.2
    .

---
Environment for perl 5.14.2:
    HOME=/home/leon
    LANG=en_US.utf8
    LANGUAGE=en_US:en_GB:en
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH (unset)
    LOGDIR (unset)
    PATH=/home/leon/perl5/perlbrew/bin:/home/leon/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.14.2/bin:/home/leon/bin:/usr/lib/lightdm/lightdm:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games
    PERLBREW_HOME=/home/leon/.perlbrew
    PERLBREW_PATH=/home/leon/perl5/perlbrew/bin:/home/leon/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.14.2/bin
    PERLBREW_PERL=perl-5.14.2
    PERLBREW_ROOT=/home/leon/perl5/perlbrew
    PERLBREW_VERSION=0.25
    PERL_BADLANG (unset)
    SHELL=/bin/bash


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