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This Week on perl5-porters (20-26 March 2006)

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From:
David Landgren
Date:
March 30, 2006 03:50
Subject:
This Week on perl5-porters (20-26 March 2006)
Message ID:
442BC5EA.80307@landgren.net
This Week on perl5-porters - 20-26 March 2006

   Dave Mitchell converts the regular expression engine from recursive to
   iterative.

Topics of Interest

More on "Module::Build" on VMS

   Ken Williams got back to Craig A. Berry's patch from last week for
   "Module::Build" on VMS, and implemented a new approach to deal with
   backtick captures. John E. Malmberg and Craig batted it around for a
   while until it looked ready. John wrapped it up as a new version of
   "ExtUtils::CBuilder". John noted that there might be issues with older
   VMS versions that limit command lines to 255 characters, but decided
   to punt the issue for the time being.

     Looking good
     http://xrl.us/km2x

Building a threads-friendly debugger.

   Dean Arnold wrote to say that he was in the process of hacking "ptkdb"
   to make it easier to deal with debugging multi-threaded programs. He
   had reached the point where it seemed that the most promising way
   forward was to change the $DB::single variable to be globally shared
   across all the threads.

   After the usual admonishments ("You're mad!", "No-one who has ventured
   there has ever come back alive!"), Dave Mitchell said that he thought
   that it couldn't do much harm, except that it was likely to bring
   about a significant loss in performance, as the threads fought amongst
   themselves to acquire a lock on $DB::single to read it.

   Dean ran a couple of benchmarks and saw that Dave was right, the
   resulting performance curve was pretty atrocious (about two orders of
   magnitude).

     Where hackers fear to tread
     http://xrl.us/km2y

Dynamic libraries on AIX 5.1

   Last time we heard from John L. Allen, he had been busy doing battle
   with 32/64 bit builds with Oracle on AIX. This week he was having
   trouble with "Math::Pari", and he and Ilya Zakharevich, "Math::Pari"'s
   author, were stuck.

   The problem revolved around which libraries were being linked, which
   meant that the wrong version of the C language "pow" function being
   used. John wanted to understand what was happening and why. H.Merijn
   Brand guided him through the twisty mazes of AIX linker techniques.

   By the end of the thread John had managed to concoct a method for
   making it work, and H.Merijn made a plea for an AIX maven to step in
   and take over (and revise) the README.aix file.

     Fear and loathing
     http://xrl.us/km2z

New "Time::Local" failure

   Rafael Garcia-Suarez attempted to upgrade "blead" with "Time::Local"
   version 1.12, and saw that the test suite failed. Steve Hay recalled
   that this was the result of a bug that he had encountered in LWP's
   test suite. Gisle Aas isolated the problem with "Time::Local", and
   Dave Mitchell came up with the patch.

   Steve wondered whether that patch should be applied only to the Win32
   platform. Dave Rolsky, author of the module, responded saying that
   there were some problems with integer overflow that gets triggered
   only in certain time zones. He said that it was all a bit of a mess,
   but that he was going to get it sorted out and release 1.13.

     It's about time
     http://xrl.us/km22

Revamped UTF-8 caching code

   Nicholas Clark checked in some code to rework how UTF-8 caching is
   performed.

   First, some background: finding the offset of an arbitrary character
   in a UTF-8 string can be a difficult proposition, depending on the
   number of wide characters encountered in the string. The brute force
   method consists of starting from the beginning, and then counting
   characters until the desired offset is reached. Depending on the
   length of the string, this can be very time-consuming.

   To lessen this cost, perl maintains a cache of where wide characters
   appear in a string, to minimise the amount of linear scanning
   required. A few weeks ago, a bug report revealed that there were some
   problems with the existing cache management code.

   So Nicholas reworked it a fair bit, adding a "${^UTF8CACHE}" variable
   to allow the caching code to be enabled and disabled at will, as well
   as a "PERL_UTF8_CACHE_ASSERT" build-time switch to force extra
   checking (verifying that the cached and uncached results agree). He
   also discovered that the code wasn't taking full benefit of the
   gathered information, and tweaked the code to minimise the amount of
   linear scanning required.

     And accessible from the command-line too
     http://xrl.us/km23

     see also
     http://xrl.us/j9pq

The regexp engine no longer uses recursion

   Dave Mitchell announced that he had reworked the regular expression
   engine to use an iterative technique rather than recursive. He
   achieved this feat by making "S_regmatch()" save its match context on
   the heap and restart the main loop, rather than on the stack by
   calling itself.

   Dave measured that the heap allocation induced a 3% slowdown, but that
   this should be avoided by switching to an arena-based allocation
   scheme or similar, further down the track.

   Before you ask, yes, "/(??{$re}/)" still causes recursion. And Hugo
   van der Sanden thinks undoing *that* would be hard.

     No more nasty stack overflow bugs
     http://xrl.us/km24

Patches of Interest

Upgrading to "threads" version 1.12

   Jerry Hedden had delivered a patch to sync "blead" with "CPAN". Dave
   Mitchell declined the patch, saying that a patch must never mix
   functionality and whitespace formatting changes. If the whitespace is
   to be changed (and in general the rule is: never), then that should be
   delivered in a separate patch.

   Dave also thought that the approach was back to front. The changes
   should be applied to "blead" first, and then after the changes have
   had time to settle, the "blead" version can be released to "CPAN".

   Jan Dubois agreed that he too would prefer it this way around, since
   each change is tracked in Perforce, the "perl5-changes" mailing list
   gets to hear about it, and e-mail "Message-ID"s from the latter list
   make it easier to cross-reference the changes with traffic on
   "perl5-porters".

     http://xrl.us/km25

   Jerry also asked about the definition of "THREAD_RET_TYPE", in the
   process of coming to grips with the "threads" code base but received
   no answers.

     http://xrl.us/km26

   and finally got a patch accepted to sync "blead" with CPAN.

     http://xrl.us/km27

Serialising closures via "Storable"

   David Wheeler wanted to know whether "Storable" could be used to dump
   out a closure, bring it back again, and have it work. For instance, to
   be able to say

     my $var = 1;
     my $code = sub { $var };
     print $code->();
     $code = thaw(freeze($code));
     print $code->();

   And have it print out "1" twice, rather than once and a warning about
   uninitialised values in "print". Yuval Kogman explained how it was
   more or less possible, and the pitfalls one would encounter if one
   were brave enough to insist on the approach.

   Yves Orton, author of "Data::Dump::Streamer", showed how using that
   module could probably provide something closer to what David was
   after. Joshua realised that one only had to teach "Storable" to use
   "DDS" instead of "B::Deparse" and it would Just Work.

   Rafael noted that Storable is in the core, but "DDS" is not, although
   it should be possible to teach "Storable" to use it if it were
   available locally.

     http://xrl.us/km28

Watching the smoke signals

Compress/IO/Zlib/t/050interop-gzip.t failure on OpenBSD

   Steve Peters tracked down the smoke failures occurring on OpenBSD. It
   turns out that OpenBSD's "gzip" behaves differently when gzipping a
   zero-byte file:

     # Cygwin, FreeBSD, Linux, NetBSD, Solaris, ...
     touch /tmp/foo; gzip -c /tmp/foo > /tmp/foo.gz; echo $?
     0
     # OpenBSD
     touch /tmp/foo; gzip -c /tmp/foo > /tmp/foo.gz; echo $?
     1

   Paul took that into account, but wondered all the same why the smoke
   results mentioned "Inconsistent test results (between TEST and
   harness)", when one should expect that both TEST and harness should
   fail in exactly the same way.

   Steve had a hunch that the problem on OpenBSD arose when the file to
   be compressed is less than 10 bytes long. Which seems odd, to say the
   least. Joshua ben Jore mentioned that he had seen similar problems on
   a Ubuntu Linux but hadn't been paying close attention. He promised to
   go back and look more closely to see if it was the same error, or
   something else again.

     One more reason...
     http://xrl.us/km29

     And the patch to fix it
     http://xrl.us/km3a

Smoke [5.9.4] 27593 FAIL(F) MSWin32 WinXP/.Net SP2 (x86/2 cpu)

   Steve Hay had a Windows build fail due to a problem with
   "ExtUtils::MakeMaker" (that Rafael had recently integrated), and asked
   Michael to integrate the patch he made into the "EU::MM" repository.

     Earth to Schwern, do you read me?
     http://xrl.us/km3b

New and old bugs from RT

"print (...) interpreted as function" occasionally (#4346)

   Many moons ago, Abigail reported that the message "print (...)
   interpreted as function" appears inconsistently, depending on a
   peculiar combination of closing braces, whitespace and/or semicolons.
   Steve Peters said that "say" has picked up a similar habit.

     The more things change...
     http://xrl.us/km3c

More on overloading and reblessing (#34925)

   The thread about overloading and reblessing objects continued this
   week. Nicholas Clark proposed a solution to scan all the references to
   an object and fix them up. Yitzchak Scott-Thoennes pointed out that
   such an approach would break the following code:

     $a = $b = {};
     bless $b, OverloadedClass;
     # $a is not overloaded here

   Yitzchak admitted that such a construct would probably be quite rare,
   and wondered whether it wouldn't be better simply to document the fact
   that the initial example doesn't work, with suggested work-arounds.
   Nicholas implemented the scan approach in "maint" as change #27512.

     http://xrl.us/km3d

B::Lint chokes on simple script (#38771)

   Bart Lateur filed a bug report against "B::Lint" (on perl 5.8.7). The
   interesting thing is that the program in question was

     print for 1 .. 10

   Joshua ben Jore, who has recently put a fair amount of work into the
   "B::" namespace observed that the problem has been fixed in "blead",
   but that it probably still exists in 5.8.8.

     http://xrl.us/km3e

"NaN"s on Win32 (#38779)

   Rob a.k.a Sisyphus posted a bug report concerning "NaN"s (Not a
   Number) on Win32. It seems that there is a compiler issue, which is
   that code compiled with VC7 is correct, but VC6 is not.

   Dominic Dunlop noted sadly that the best way to fix this bug would be
   to add a note to the README.win32 documentation to say that perl
   should not be built with VC6. There's an article on the MSDN site that
   goes into more detail about floating point comparison issues.

   Yves Orton thought that that was hardly ideal, since VC6 has always
   been the standard compiler that ActiveState uses for their builds.
   Except that Dominic was talking about Microsoft's freely downloadable
   compiler, which, is apparently a slightly different beast.

   Jan Dubois came up with the best patch, one that works around
   compilers that have brain-damaged "NaN" comparison routines. Looking
   more closely at the code, Jan realised that perl's handing "NaN"
   handling is somewhat uneven. "grok_number()" will set the
   "IS_NUMBER_NAN" and "IS_NUMBER_INFINITY" bits as appropriate, but
   "sv_2nv()" doesn't bother to check them; it ducks the issue and lets
   "atof()" deal with it. He also saw that the cmp.t test that tests how
   "<=>" deals with "NaN"s is probably not doing anything meaningful.

     http://xrl.us/km3f

   In a thread-split elsewhere on the same topic, Jan provided keen
   insight into the subject of C run-time libraries on Windows.

     http://xrl.us/km3g

Constants with "undef" value deliver arbitrary value at first call (#38783)

   Markus Herber posted a bug report dealing with the XS code of "IO-Tty"
   that creates constant subroutine with "undef" as a value. Nicholas
   Clark understood what was going wrong and promptly supplied a patch
   which solved the problem. The patch is a bit of a stop-gap measure,
   but it will do for now.

     http://xrl.us/km3h

Deep hash of hashes breaks garbage collector (#38786)

   Reto Stamm uncovered a lovely bug in the garbage collector. He posted
   a program (paraphrased for succinctness here):

     my $root = {};
     my $h = $root;
     $h->{kid} = {} and $h = $h->{kid} for 1..250000

   This runs just fine, until the program exits, the garbage collector is
   run, the garbage collector exhausts the C stack due to recursion and
   the program goes belly up with a segmentation fault.

   chromatic thought that simply rewriting "S_hfreeentries",
   "Perl_hv_undef", "Perl_sv_clear", "Perl_sv_free2", and
   "Perl_hv_free_ent" for good measure to use iteration instead of
   recursion would probably do the trick.

     *crickets chirping*
     http://xrl.us/km3i

"Fatal" doesn't like "readdir()" (#38790)

   Tom Hukins filed a report that showed that "readdir" breaks when
   "Fatal" is used. ("Fatal" upgrades warnings to to fatal errors).

   The trouble is that "Fatal" gets mixed up between scalar and list
   context (doesn't everyone?) and throws all the results away. Rafael
   thought that a judiciously placed "wantarray" would solve that, but
   that in turn would alter the behaviour of something as admittedly
   bizarre as

     my @useless = open my $fh, 'does.not.exist';

   Yitzchak suggested hunting down the exceptions ("select" also seemed
   to be a likely candidate) and document their limitations in
   conjunction with "Fatal". Joshua thought that this was less than
   ideal. If someone was going to go to the effort of hunting down all of
   weird special-context builtins to document them (and there aren't a
   whole lot), it would take about as much effort to code "Fatal" to make
   it do The Right Thing all the time.

   Rafael agreed, and kept looking at his inbox for the patch. Joshua
   mumbled something about some patches to "B::Lint" he was working on,
   and promised to do something about this first.

     http://xrl.us/km3j

   Joshua went looking at "Fatal", and stumbled across some "AUTOLOAD"
   code, and wondered if and how it was used. Mark Jason Dominus
   suggested that its purpose was to allow the construct

     use Fatal;
     Fatal::open();

   to work in the same manner as

     use Fatal 'open';
     open();

   Which is either pretty slick, or pretty sick.

     Nice to know
     http://xrl.us/km3k

Perl5 Bug Summary

     1560 open tickets
     http://xrl.us/km3m

     Right here
     http://rt.perl.org/rt3/NoAuth/perl5/Overview.html

In Brief

   Dave Mitchell reminded us that "our" variables and package variables
   are compiled to the same code internally and as such have identical
   performance characteristics.

     http://xrl.us/km3n

   Philip M. Gollucci reported a bug that manifests itself using
   "mod_perl" on FreeBSD. Apparently another one of those "this is the
   second time it's broken" bugs. Robin Barker and Gisle Aas committed a
   couple of patches, including adding a check in the test suite, so
   hopefully we won't see the likes of it again.

     Perl_croak and nullch
     http://xrl.us/km3o

   Jim Cromie reported that "bleadperl" was uncompilable, due to problems
   with "Dynaloader" failing. Rafael traced it to the fact that he was
   integrating CPAN's "ExtUtils::MakeMaker" 6.30_01 into "blead", and its
   handling of "MAN3PODS" was broken. So he fixed that, and "bleadperl"
   started compiling again.

     Safe to go back in the water
     http://xrl.us/km3p

   Dan Kogai found an anomaly whilst playing with "YAML::Syck" and
   developed an detailed hypothesis as to what was going wrong. As of
   summary publishing time, no comments had been made.

     How to mangle the SvTYPEs on arrays and hashes
     http://xrl.us/km3q

   Someone asked how to use Perl to run Visual Basic code and was
   directed to Perlmonks.

     http://xrl.us/km3r

About this summary

   This summary was written by David Landgren.

   Information concerning bugs referenced in this summary (as #nnnnn) may
   be viewed at http://rt.perl.org/rt3/Ticket/Display.html?id=nnnnn

   Information concerning patches to "maint" or "blead" referenced in
   this summary (as #nnnnn) may be viewed at
   http://public.activestate.com/cgi-bin/perlbrowse?patch=nnnnn

   If you want a bookmarklet approach to viewing bugs and change reports,
   there are a couple of bookmarklets that you might find useful on my
   page of Perl stuff:

     http://www.landgren.net/perl/

   Weekly summaries are published on http://use.perl.org/ and posted on a
   mailing list, (subscription: perl5-summary-subscribe@perl.org). The
   archive is at http://dev.perl.org/perl5/list-summaries/. Corrections
   and comments are welcome.

   If you found this summary useful or enjoyable, please consider
   contributing to the Perl Foundation to help support the development of
   Perl.

-- 
"It's overkill of course, but you can never have too much overkill."


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