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This Week on perl5-porters (19-25 September 2005)

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From:
David Landgren
Date:
September 26, 2005 03:03
Subject:
This Week on perl5-porters (19-25 September 2005)
Message ID:
4337C755.5080509@landgren.net
This Week on perl5-porters - 19-25 September 2005

   Another week of business as usual. The 5.8.8 progesses steadily, bugs
   are found in POD, people post ways of making perl do the wrong thing,
   and "Test::More" is released.

The continuing saga of blead on VMS

   John Malmberg continued his journey making bleadperl work on VMS. This
   time he noticed that "ExtUtils::MM_Unix" can use the command 'false'
   to indicate falsehood, but that there is no such beast in VMS.

   Michael Schwern suggested solving the problem by adding a layer of
   indirection, that is, a scalar that hold the command fragment to use,
   such as "perl -e 'exit 1'". Peter Prymmer suggested that "exit 44"
   would be a superior choice. John then struck back with some killer DCL
   to teach us far more than we ever wanted to know about exit codes on
   VMS (and admitted that it is a bit ugly) and promised to look at
   "perlport", as he suspects that it is probably out of date.

   The main thing to remember is that VMS exit codes are like signals.
   They can propagate all the way back to top unless the shell script
   takes care in trapping them.

   It's quite an interesting thread, even if VMS is not your cup of tea.

     http://xrl.us/hqx4

   John also noticed that the t/io/fs.t triply-linked file test does not
   do what the comments says it does. It's actually more about Unix's
   "uname" behaviour. Which makes it a bit tricky to figure out what to
   do on VMS. One idea was to make the test test what it claimed to test.

     http://xrl.us/hqx5

   He ended on a high note of proposed VMSish changes, which
   appeared to be well received by Craig Berry and Peter Prymmer.

     http://xrl.us/hqx6

Doing the version bump

   Yitzchak Scott-Thoennes pulled down a copy of 5.8.8 to be and ran the
   test suite on cygwin. Things went well, except for a failure in
   "op/layers.t" which should be fixed as soon as patch 24767 is landed
   in maint.

   What went less well is Yitzchak installed it over 5.8.7 by mistake and
   expressed desire at seeing the version number being bumped soon to
   5.8.8 to prevent this happening to someone else.

   Nicholas was reluctant to do so, until such time as the version
   numbering scheme makes it exceedingly clear what the official
   maintenance releases are, as opposed to a release in the buildup to a
   maintenance release. He pointed out that it is the first task on the
   TODO "that need a little C knowledge." John Peacock suggested a patch.

     The discussion
     http://xrl.us/hqx7

     The TODO as she stands
 
http://public.activestate.com/cgi-bin/perlbrowse?file=pod%2Fperltodo.pod&rev=

An oddity in op.c

   The blead version of Perl supports the DOR (defined-or) operator "//"
   (shamelessly pinched from Perl 6), implemented by Brent Dax. DOR being
   so nice to have, H.Merijn Brand backported this patch to maint, and
   offers a patch to every version of maint perl (5.8.x) to support it
   too. Andy Lester's ongoing consting of blead (and Nicholas's
   integration of those patches into maint for 5.8.8) has made H.Merijn's
   job more difficult than usual to keep his patch applying cleanly.

   As a result of this, H.Merijn spotted some smelly code in the
   "S_new_logop" function, and discussed it with Nicholas Clark. It has
   been there since 5.8.0 so it must be working, but it seems wrong,
   especially when compared to the same code in blead. Jan Dubois thought
   the two fragments were semantically equivalent although the blead
   version was more robust.

     The oddity
     http://xrl.us/hqx8

     The Cygwin status
     http://xrl.us/hqx9

     DOR patches for maint
     http://search.cpan.org/CPAN/authors/id/H/HM/HMBRAND/

     H.Merijn's perl for HP-UX and the DOR repository
     http://mirrors.develooper.com/hpux/

ExtUtils::MakeMaker in maint

   Michael Schwern wants the latest version of "ExtUtils::MakeMaker" in
   maint. Or at least any version which is not two years old. (Michael
   has been dragging "EU::MM" into the 21st century for some time now --
   in another thread on "perl-qa" he even mentioned that the latest alpha
   now emits proper license information into the META.yml file).

   John Malmberg gave it a clean bill of health on VMS. Nicholas Clark
   recalled some problems with distclean and SDBM_File

     http://xrl.us/hqya

License clarification for perlglossary.pod

   "perlglossary.pod" is

     Based on the Glossary of Programming Perl, Third Edition,
     by Larry Wall, Tom Christiansen & Jon Orwant.
     Copyright (c) 2000, 1996, 1991 O'Reilly Media, Inc.
     Used with permission.

   Well, it used to be. Yitzchak Scott-Thoennes wrote to say that Tim
   O'Reilly said that the last sentence can be changed to

     This document may be distributed under the same terms
     as Perl itself.

   And there was much rejoicing.

     The patch
     http://xrl.us/hqyb

     The forwarded message from Allison
     http://xrl.us/hqyc

Building perl on AIX

   Alan Olsen had problems building 64-bit Perl 5.8.7 on AIX 5.2. Campo
   Weijerman asked for some information, Alan replied and then nothing
   else was heard, so apparently he fixed it. Alan then sent another
   message saying that he was having more problems on 5.3 and again Campo
   Weijerman came to the rescue. Apparently AIX just won't let you build
   perl with "-Duse64bitall" and "-Duseithreads". AIX is strange.

     http://xrl.us/hqyd

File::Find::find and {follow => 1} on Win32

   Steve Hay reported in bug #37223 that it doesn't work, and that
   "follow" and "follow_fast" should be no-ops on Win32, since the file
   system doesn't support symbolic links.

   Rafael Garcia-Suarez couldn't believe nobody had noticed it until now.
   Steve Peters guiltily raised his hand and pointed to patch #23510.

     http://xrl.us/hqye

Fixing pod/pod2usage2.t

   Merijn sent in a patch for "pod/pod2usage2.t" but the attachment was
   eaten by a grue. Nicholas pointed out that the "perl.org" MTA eats
   anything that looks like "/\.t$/". Newsflash: apparently now fixed.

   Merijn resent the patch with a ".txt" extension, but it still contains
   a Unixism ("open(IN, "-|")" that doesn't work quite right on Win32. He
   remembered that "t/op/write.t" has a workaround for this.

     http://xrl.us/hqyf

Regexp stack overflow in 5.8.7

   Brian Candler reported bug #37230 where
   "^"(?:[^"\\]|\\.)*"\s+\d+\s+(\d+)" (used to munge Apache log files)
   bombed out with deep recursion, and he couldn't see why the engine
   would want to backtrack (notably, over the "(?:[^"\\]|\\.)" bit -
   "anything except a double quote or backslash, or a backslash followed
   by anything.")

   Hugo van der Sanden explained that the engine lacks the capacity to
   analyse the alternations and see that they are mutually exclusive.

   Abigail suggested using "/"[^"\\]*(?:\\.[^"\\]*)*"/s" instead, since
   it removes all alternations. Brian reported that with a sufficiently
   long target string, this expression will still cause perl to dump
   core. Yitzchak suggested "/"[^"\\]*(?>\\.[^"\\]*)*"/s" as an
   alternative (The rarely used, rarely understood "(?>...)" assertion).

   Brian said that that one dumped core too. Abigail concluded that
   sometimes, core dumps happen.

     http://xrl.us/hqyg

Too late for INIT

   Hugo wondered why perl refuses to run INIT blocks, simply because a
   module has been loaded via "require" rather than "use", and thought it
   an odd wart. Rafael suggested adding a "UNITCHECK" code block, that
   would be run regardless of how the module was loaded.

     The thread
     http://xrl.us/hqyh

     Possible source of Hugo's question, from Perlmonks
     http://www.perlmonks.org/index.pl?node_id=494439

Another major bug in PerlIO

   Ilya Zakharevich wrote in to say that he thought it must be easier to
   rewrite the PerlIO layer from scratch rather than attempt to fix bugs
   in it.

     unix2dos .tcshrc | \
     perl -we 'binmode STDIN, ":crlf" or die;
       print while read STDIN, $_, 32000'

   Looks simple, but it doesn't work. He truss'ed the program and
   observed two seeks and read for each converted line ending, which of
   course does wonders for performance. Nick Ing-Simmons replied, saying
   that what was needed is an efficient version of ":crlf".

     http://xrl.us/hqyi

Kill mv-if-diff?

   Nicholas Clark raised the issue of "mv-if-diff", a little shell script
   hack used by "make" to avoid damaging the timestamps on auto-generated
   files, if the contents haven't actually changed.

   He noted that on a clean rebuild, "lib/unicore/mktables" is run 7
   times (when only once would suffice). It gets much worse after editing
   a file and rebuilding. Cascading effects cause a merry-go-round of
   files being rebuilt.

   And parallel makes are also broken. (The summariser, having access to
   a six-CPU box, can confirm that a "make -j 18" causes spectacular
   fireworks). Nicholas wonders if these two observations are related,
   and that things might be a whole lot better if "mv-if-diff" was simply
   thrown away.

   Steve Peters thought it was a symptom of insufficient targets and
   dependencies to keep track of the build. Russ Allbery thought it was
   "mv-if-diff" that was lacking in capability, because otherwise it
   would do The Right Thing. Vadim Konovalov suggested a heavy
   engineering approach with additional helper files.

   Joshua Juran identified the problem as being the issue of attempting
   to manage two pieces of information (the date a file was changed, and
   the date it was confirmed up-to-date) in the same slot. The Macintosh
   filesystem has a backup date field on files which could be pressed
   into service for this, but that is non-portable. His second suggestion
   was to throw away the broken optimisation that is "mv-if-diff".

   Yves Orton brought patches 24004, 24056 and 24320 back up on the
   radar, saying that all this business is probably the cause of those
   patches.

     http://xrl.us/hqyj

New modules

   Michael Schwern announced "Test::Simple/More/Builder" version 0.61.
   Lots of new goodies and fixes.

     http://xrl.us/hqyk

Using Test::More to test Math::Complex

   Jarkko Hietaniemi wanted a pair of fresh eyes to take t/Complex.t from
   "Math::Complex" and rewrite it using "Test::More". Michael Schwern
   sketched out briefly how it might be done. Since the data for the
   tests are stored in a "__DATA__" section of the script, Jarkko wanted
   a test failure to display something like:

     not ok 123
     #   Failed test in Complex.t at line 56, <DATA> line 1234.
     #          got: '1+2i'
     #     expected: '1+i'

   Michael showed how this could be approximated to a first degree using
   "diag()", but that the real solution would be to override
   "Test::Builder"'s diagnostics, but that it's not yet quite flexible
   enough to do that.

     http://xrl.us/hqym

In brief

   Smylers filed bug #37199 relating to mangled POD in "File::Basename"
   and Steve Hay replied that the problem had already been fixed in
   blead.

   Dan "Unstorable" Kogai noted that $Storable::drop_utf8 seems
   ineffective on Perl 5.8.x, and went on to say why, supported by code
   fragments in Perl and C. He wondered whether the code or documentation
   should be fixed. He was Warnocked.

     http://xrl.us/hqyn

   Yitzchak sent in a patch to silence a couple of compiler warnings
   (three out of seven). Rafael fell asleep at the wheel and had to be
   pinged to apply it two days later.

     http://xrl.us/hqyo

   Paul Marquess supplied a patch to sync "Compress::Zlib" 1.40 with
   core. Patch applied with alacrity by Rafael.

     http://xrl.us/hqyp

   Alex Davies reported a memory leak in #37231 when eval'ing
   syntactically incorrect code.

     while (1) {
       eval "sub { \$foo = "; # closing } missing
     }

   ... the above will rapidly consume all available memory (don't try
   this at home). No takers yet; Dave Mitchell must be busy doing
   something else.

   "lace" reported in #37250 that "pod2html" does not produce
   XHTML-conformant code.

     http://xrl.us/hqyq

   Jan Hudec posted more ways of making perl panic, but cheated by using
   UTF-8 in the PerlIO layer.

     http://xrl.us/hqyr

   Taro Kawagishi found a problem with "perlfaq3" "How do I find which
   modules are installed on my system?", and supplied code to deal with
   the case when a directory path listed in @INC is a symbolic link.

     http://xrl.us/hqys

   Steve Peters posted a patch (#25571) to get "PERL_DEBUG_COW" (Copy On
   Write) working correctly on the smoke tests.

     http://xrl.us/hqyt

About this summary

   This summary was written by David Landgren.

   Information concerning bugs referenced in this summary (as #nnnnn) may
   be viewed at http://rt.perl.org/rt3/Ticket/Display.html?id=nnnnn

   Information concerning patches to maint or blead referenced in this
   summary (as #nnnnn) may be viewed at
   http://public.activestate.com/cgi-bin/perlbrowse?patch=nnnnn

   Weekly summaries are published on http://use.perl.org/ and posted on a
   mailing list, (subscription: perl5-summary-subscribe@perl.org). The
   archive is at http://dev.perl.org/perl5/list-summaries/. Corrections
   and comments are welcome.

   If you found this summary useful or enjoyable, please consider
   contributing to the Perl Foundation to help support the development of
   Perl.



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